Señor Guillermo gives a short talk on the history of Lipa
Lipá City, as what has happened with other Filipino pueblos, was a Parian or a sector of the mestizos, since the majority of its inhabitants were Chinos Cristianos brought by the Augustinian friars to populate their mission bases. For being subjects of the King of Spain, these Chinos Cristianos received big portion of land, which were later converted to a vast plantation of coffee and sugar cane. Among these families were the Calaw, Laygo, Catigbac, and Yncióng. The ‘coffee boom’ enriched the city greatly, that its población was filled with large houses (bahay-na-bato), with women being adorned with expensive jewelries . Señor remembers Lipá´s Calle Real, which looked like the present-day Taal Heritage Town.
Our first stop was the Yncióng residence, located at the corner of Callé Catigbac. Señor Guillermo remembered the house very well, since he used to stay there for his Holy Week vacations. The house was owned by Don Emilio Yncióng, publisher of the Spanish language newspaper called´Nueva Era´. Since 1965, Señor Guillermo worked for this newspaper, and after the death of Don Emilio, he became its director. We have mentioned that Ynciong were among those Chinos Cristianos brought to Lipá by the Augustinian missionaries. Proof of this is the surname itself, which came from the Chinese word 英雄 (yin xiong), which means ‘hero’. It would be interesting to research this immigration of the Chinos Cristianos and appreciate more their cultural contributions.